Legal Guide

Most Common Lawsuits in Canada

Unfortunately, lawsuits occur way more than they should. But when it comes to serious cases, it is vital to make sure that individuals get what they deserve for their pain and suffering.

As such, it is essential to have a thorough understanding of the different types of lawsuits that occur daily. Listed below are five types of lawsuits filed in Canada.

Car Accidents

Car accidents sadly remain one of the most common incidents that occur on our roads. Therefore, it is not a shock to see that it is one of the most widespread personal injury lawsuits. From fender benders to damaged vehicles, there is no question that car accidents are common across the country. The impending case usually deals with drivers, injured people, the insurance company, and in some cases, becomes a criminal matter if individuals are killed.

Workers’ Compensation

When employees get hurt on the job, they usually seek compensation. Despite employers being legally responsible for maintaining a safe working environment for their employees, cases are usually about getting maximum compensation for their injuries. However, if the employer was deemed irresponsible for the damages due to negligence, they can be charged in civil and criminal court.

Wrongful Termination Lawsuit

Employees that are fired for what they believe is unlawful can sue their employer for wrongful termination. Laws vary province to province, but in most cases, wrongful termination includes religious or political beliefs, race, being a whistleblower or reported mismanagement. An employee can sue for damages, which includes lost pay and benefits.

Class Action Lawsuits

A class action lawsuit is when a group of people sue a company, government body or individual for compensation after being caused substantial loss or harm. It can be applied to product liabilities, privacy breaches, labour and employment and institutional abuse, environmental accidents and mass injuries. Class action settlements can take years to be decided and are usually quite expensive.

Medical Malpractice

Medical malpractice occurs when a patient is injured or becomes sick because of negligence on the part of medical professionals, such as doctors, nurses and surgeons. The lawyer has to prove a breach in standard care and show proof of that negligence. It is extremely complex and difficult to prove.

Libel Case

Libel, also known as defamation, occurs when someone has said or published something untrue about an individual or business that has damaged their reputation and finances. You can sue to have the libel overturned in court while seeking compensation for the damages that were affected by the statements. 


One of the most button topics, discrimination cases involve individuals or groups of individuals (including employees, customers, suppliers, patients, vendors, and others) who sue companies or individuals after being treated unfairly due to race, color, religion, age, disability, and other factors. It doesn't remain easy to prove without substantial evidence.

Even though each lawsuit is unique, most fall into a broader category with specific characteristics that provide a legal strategy template. These five here give you the information you need for that template.

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